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So Newton passed by with minimal effects to Sonrisa — electricity was out for a few hours with some 50 knots being recorded in the marina. A normal thunderstorm shuts down La Paz due to the poor drainage so it was a couple of days until the boys returned to school.

Plenty of trees down but otherwise La Paz came off lightly. It really is incredible that it was 10 years ago he crossed the Atlantic as a toddler, one really needs to enjoy these times, gone far too soon.

We now have a week in Puerto Vallarta sin ninos for our 14 th wedding anniversary, another milestone I find hard to appreciate, again seems like last week Mel and I were working on Wild B in Italy.

Just before we head to Tasmania in November our dear friends from Seattle Rennie and Denny are coming to stay on Sonrisa — a great opportunity for us to repay their incredible hospitality.

Tasmania will be an interesting time as we sort out our lives, Mexican permanent residency and whether to sell the farm in Tasmania.

Vancouver really is one of the most picturesque cities around, with all the bicycling and walking paths we never had to resort to a car.

The Canadian dollar being on par with the ozzie dollar made life that much more bearable and enjoyable. So a big thanks to Gary and Jeanine for allowing us to stay for several days — a fantastic location.

Finally a night in Denver at the Crawford hotel and a sumptuous meal with our ever generous host Chad McWinney — the meal at Stoic and Genuine, as last time, unforgettable — thanks Chad!!

Back in La Paz, with a pretty warm September — as I am writing this Hurricane Newton is some 24 hours away so the decks on Sonrisa looking very clean.

Hopefully the 20 odd lines holding Sonrisa tight will be enough. We managed to get out to Espiritu Santo Island most weekends for cooler times and the busy school days.

A few days to prepare Sonrisa for cyclone season — a very bare yacht with all sails, halyards, covers off. We found a good home for Peluchie our family cat for the last 18 months, with 2 months away now and then the 5 month trip to Tasmania in November it was just too complicated to keep him on Sonrisa — a very sad day when he left.

Our first stop in Seattle was to Denny and Rennies, our cruising friends from Columbia several years ago — such a warm welcome.

His first unaccompanied flight, we were so proud of him as he set off. An interesting time for Huon also as this was the first instance when they have been separated — in the end the parents stressing more than the boys!

As we did last year, a magic several days down at Stretch Island in Southern Puget Sound, July 4 th fireworks, kayaking, crabbing etc with Huon happily being a shadow to 3 older boys — now one of a pack taking on all the fashions and actions of the older boys.

Plenty of activities in Seattle over the next 6 weeks along with a pleasant offer to stay in their house in Vancouver from other cruising friends we met in Costa Rica in , Gary and Jeanine from High 5 — they are taking their yacht down to La Paz, and Costa Baja Marina over the summer.

Just the odd other yacht floating around. Two weeks just getting back into the cruising mode as we are now tied to the marina most of the time.

The highlight was the diving with seals at Isla Los Islotes, where the seals where very happy to perform for the camera with an apple as a toy.

A really wonderful trip with excellent weather. Last weekend we visited La Duna for an evening with several of our local Mexican families.

This rustic and very environmentally friendly resort provides a magic location just to chill and chat for the children and adults that went very late into the evening.

February was rather quite, school runs, Mel studying all rather domestic. I popped down to Barra Navidad, south of Puerto Vallarta to bring Princess 1 back to La Paz, as expected on the nose most of the way so, double the time taken to get down there, some 3 days for some miles much of the time at around 7 knots.

A few days later to Cabo San Lucas so she could be hauled out for her yearly maintenance. We had a magnificent week with our dear friends from Monaco, Poala, Antoine and Daniel their 6 year old son.

Our new old two car family made arrangements easy. Mel was also busy for a few days helping arrange provisions for a couple of large yachts, something we might consider more of later on.

Finally we actually had some of that thing called work. Princess Two in the Caribbean was within days without a crew — Mel biting the bullet, agreed to come along for 4 weeks to cook.

Leaving the boys for such a time was a very big decision, but with our delightful La Paz friends and children Igor and Daniella we could feel they were in very safe hands.

Princess Two was in St Thomas the US Virgin Islands, the first demonstration trip was cancelled and the second charter with guest from Mexico city is best not talked about we did our best in trying conditions with untrained crew — the fact that the two Mexican crew were left tips and the 3 Anglo Saxons were not says it all — funny to experience a little discrimination on our side, makes one respect what other non-white Anglo Saxon cultures have to deal with.

Our taxi driver, Sobers, providing me with several hours of laughs as we went shopping for parts and food.

With 4 crew for the mile trip from St Thomas to the Bahamas a couple of long nights, made longer by the 10 minute departure in the Turks and Caicos of the rather useless South African stewardess.

Now in Hurricane Hole Marina for the last day of a very quick two day hand over to the 4 new crew. Cipriano, our hard working and delightful Mexican mariner will stay until the boat heads to Florida in April.

Looking forward to being back on Sonrisa with the boys and Peluchie for the normal Easter cruise. As with last year we headed out to Playa Bonanza for a family week over Christmas.

Clear sunny, blue skies, a magic empty beach and just a few other yachts around made for a delightful and relaxing time.

Trips to see the de commissioned aircraft carrier Midway and a trip to the expansive San Diego Zoo were the touristy highlights.

Our Friends Alex and Dariella sold us their old Mitsubishi Montero, which will deal with the Mexican roads and crazy traffic much better than the aging Subaru.

By train we headed north for a few days to Santa Barbara to see our old friends Kevin and Carolyn — what a magic house they have near the beach, with many Asian touches from their house in Bali.

We all had fun in this tranquil town, Mel particularly enjoying the shopping! After getting the Montero serviced we cruised down to La Paz via Mexico Highway 1 in sections worse than our country road to Bream Creek in Tasmania very dangerous and really a poor excuse for a highway.

Three nights along the way in San Quintin, San Ignacio and Loreto were magic, each hotel having plenty of character and hospitality.

The boys finally got back to school a week late but the travels more than made up for it, though they did seem to spend most of their time watching videos or on the Kindle.

A rather quiet few months during autumn, such a quick change from the hot summer. Daylight saving has finished, so dark mornings are over and the evenings are considerably longer, delightful to lie back on a cool evening with a good book.

I, unfortunately, was doing something rather strange — working. Thankfully only a few short trips involved as I would not last any longer!

The boys continue to progress well at school, their Spanish well ahead of mine. For Christmas we will head out to anchor for a week, very quiet and relaxing away from the, already, overwhelming commercial shit.

Our 6 monthly visa run will be up to San Diego to stay with good friends and hopefully buy a larger, newer car. After this we plan to spend a week, driving back to La Paz taking in the length of Baja California, generally looking forward to the wine country up North.

As we head into October, the high humidity and heat are slowly dissipating, thankfully. One of the reasons for this was a tendency that had been noted for people from Idar-Oberstein to move out of town to the surrounding municipalities, which were opening up extensive new building areas — among others Göttschied, Rötsweiler-Nockenthal and Kirschweiler — whereas within the town itself, given the problematic lie of the land, there were hardly any.

The same problem saw to it that there was a dearth of land for industrial location. Surprising was the desire expressed by Weierbach, which came without one of Idar-Oberstein's initiatives, to join the new greater town, for at the time, Weierbach did not even border on the town, and Weierbach itself was then foreseen as the future nucleus of its own greater municipality, or perhaps even town, together with the municipalities of Fischbach, Georg-Weierbach and Bollenbach, which would have been amalgamated with this municipality had the original plan come about.

With the exception of Georg-Weierbach, the proposal to amalgamate these villages with the town of Idar-Oberstein had notable majorities, either in the villages themselves or on their councils, in favour of dissolving their respective municipalities and then merging with the town.

Nevertheless, bitter discussions and even administrative legal disputes arose in the former Amt of Weierbach, which was now bereft of its core municipalities.

In April , the Amt of Weierbach lodged a constitutional grievance with the Verfassungsgerichtshof Rheinland-Pfalz Rhineland-Palatinate Constitutional Court , which ruled on 8 July that the state law for administrative simplification in Rhineland-Palatinate was in parts unconstitutional.

The right to self-administration of the Amt of Weierbach, it furthermore ruled, was being infringed, and the municipal league's vitality was being jeopardized.

Thus, Weierbach, Georg-Weierbach, Nahbollenbach, Mittelbollenbach and Kirchenbollenbach were, with immediate effect, demerged from the town and reinstated as self-administering municipalities.

After bitter arguments between the town of Idar-Oberstein together with the amalgamation supporters on the one side and the Amt of Weierbach together with the amalgamation opponents on the other, who promoted their views in demonstrations , at gatherings and in letter duels in newspaper correspondence pages, a poll was taken in early September with a vote in the Amt of Weierbach.

With this expansion of the town, the centres of gravity in the Birkenfeld district had been shifted considerably.

Idar-Oberstein could further grow as a middle centre: Since Idar-Oberstein had not only a good general infrastructure but also, after the Steinbach Reservoir was brought into service, a more than adequate water supply, the option of amalgamating themselves with the town became attractive to many further municipalities.

The municipalities of Rötsweiler-Nockenthal, Siesbach , Gerach, Veitsrodt , Kirschweiler, Hettenrodt and Mackenrodt were each to receive an offer of amalgamation.

The district administration in Birkenfeld then got involved, and it was decided by the district assembly Kreistag that Idar-Oberstein's amalgamation policy, which was deemed to be reckless, should be censured.

Since a certain disenchantment with all these amalgamations had meanwhile set in both in the outlying centres and in the town of Idar-Oberstein itself, all further initiatives either got nowhere or were shelved.

Idar-Oberstein has its connections with the notorious outlaw Johannes Bückler — , commonly known as Schinderhannes. His parents lived in Idar around , and Oberstein was the scene of one of his earliest misdeeds in He spent a whole Louis d'or on drinks at an inn.

He had stolen it from an innkeeper named Koch from Veitsrodt who had meant to use it to buy brandy. Their relationship yielded a daughter and a son, Franz Wilhelm.

After Schinderhannes was beheaded for his crimes in , Juliana married first a gendarme, with whom she had seven children, and then after his death a livestock herder and day labourer.

According to legend, there were two noble brothers, Wyrich and Emich, who both fell in love with a beautiful girl named Bertha.

Bertha was from a noble line that occupied the nearby Lichtenburg Castle. Neither brother was aware of the other's feelings for Bertha. When Wyrich, the elder brother, was away on some unknown business, Emich succeeded in securing Bertha's affections and, subsequently, married her.

When Emich announced the news to his brother, Wyrich's temper got the better of him. In the heat of the moment, he hurled his brother out of a window of the castle and sent him to his death on the rocks below.

Wyrich was almost immediately filled with remorse. With the counsel of a local abbot, he began a long period of penance.

At this time, Bertha disappears from the historical record. Many romantics feel that she died of a broken heart.

As Wyrich waited for a heavenly sign showing that he was forgiven, the abbot suggested that he build a church on the exact place where his brother died.

Wyrich worked and prayed himself into exhaustion. However, the moment the church was completed, he received his sign: Wyrich died soon after this.

When the local bishop came to consecrate the new church, he found the noble lord dead on its steps. Wyrich was later placed in the same tomb with his brother.

Idar-Oberstein is known as a gemstone centre. Until the 18th century, the area was a source for agate and jasper. A combination of low-cost labour and energy helped the gemstone-working industry flourish.

The river Nahe provided free water power for the cutting and polishing machines at the mills. In the 18th century, though, gemstone finds in the Hunsrück were dwindling, making life harder for the local people.

Many left to try their luck abroad. Some went as far as Brazil , where they found that gemstones could be recovered from open-pit mines or even found in rivers and streams.

The locally common tradition of preparing meat over an open fire, churrasco , was also adopted by the newcomers and even found its way back to their homeland by way of gemstone shipping.

Agate nodules were shipped back as ballast on empty vessels that had offloaded cargo in Brazil. The cheap agates were then transported to Idar-Oberstein.

In the early 19th century, many people were driven out of the local area by hunger and also went to South America.

In , emigrants from Idar-Oberstein discovered the world's most important agate deposit in Brazil's state of Rio Grande do Sul.

As early as , the first delivery of agate from Rio Grande do Sul had been made to Idar-Oberstein. The Brazilian agate exhibited very even layers, much evener that those seen in the local agates.

This made them especially good for making engraved gems. After the Second World War , the region had to redefine itself once more, and it developed into a leading hub in the trade of gemstones from Brazil and Africa.

More recently, however, competition from Thailand and India has hit the region hard. The council is made up of 40 honorary council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 25 May , and the full-time mayor Oberbürgermeister as chairman.

The municipal election held on 25 May yielded the following results: The German blazon reads: Im halbrunden silbernen Schild befindet sich ein aufgerichteter roter Forsthaken, begleitet im rechten Obereck von einer sechsblättrigen roten Rose mit goldenem Kelch und grünen Kelchblättern, links unten von einer roten Eichel.

The town's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Argent a cramp palewise sinister with a crossbar gules between in dexter chief a rose foiled of six of the second barbed and seeded proper and in sinister base an acorn slipped palewise of the second.

The charges are drawn from coats of arms formerly borne by both Idar and Oberstein before the two towns were merged in The current arms were approved by the Oldenburg Ministry of State for the Interior.

The arms have been borne since 10 July Idar-Oberstein is twinned with: The Felsenkirche can nowadays be reached by visitors through a tunnel that was built in modern times.

Up above the small church, on a knoll Bossel stands Castle Bosselstein, or rather what is left of it. The whole complex was forsaken in , and all that stands now is a tower stump and remnants of the castle wall.

In the Middle Ages, it was a stronghold to be reckoned with, with its two crescent moats and its two baileys.

Somewhat farther up, not far from Castle Bosselstein, the third castle arose about , the one now known as Schloss Oberstein. Until , it was the residence of the Counts of Daun-Oberstein.

In it burnt down. In the years to , the castle was used as a youth hostel , and thereafter as an inn. In , part of the east wall fell in.

The castle club, Schloss Oberstein e. In , the town of Idar-Oberstein became the castle's owner. Today there is once again a small inn, the Wyrich-Stube, and there are also now a few rooms restored by the castle club, which can be hired for festive occasions or cultural events.

Peter und Paul is the Catholic church in the constituent community of Idar. It was built in as a wooden church for the then town of Idar.

Since the 17th century, the town's Catholics had had to make do with ecclesiastical services from Oberstein. By , the church had fallen into such disrepair that it was extensively converted and expanded with stone.

Besides the Town Theater in the constituent community of Oberstein, there is also a cabaret stage. Since the early s tourism has grown in importance for Idar-Oberstein.

Today it boasts a number of modern facilities such as the Steinkaulenberg, a gemstone mine open to visitors, and the German Gemstone Museum, as well as several recreational resorts.

Nationally known is the Deutsches Edelsteinmuseum German Gemstone Museum in the constituent community of Idar, which boasts many gemstone exhibits.

The Idar-Oberstein jewellery industry and gemstone processing, too, and especially the agate -cutting operation, are presented in an impressive way.

Insights into the production of Art Deco jewellery as it was done about the turn of the 20th century are offered by the Industriemuseum Jakob Bengel in the constituent community of Oberstein.

It is open the year round. At the Steinkaulenberg gemstone mines, the only gemstone mine in Europe open to visitors, and at the Historische Weiherschleife — a gemstone-grinding mill — one can learn a few things about gemstone processing and Idar-Oberstein's history.

Jasper is also featured there, for Idar-Oberstein is also an important centre for that semiprecious stone. The town's best known sport club is SC 07 Idar-Oberstein.

Idar-Oberstein has an indoor swimming pool and, since September an outdoor swimming pool fed by natural water. On the town's outskirts, a Friends of Nature house has been established, offering cyclists, hikers and tourists meals and lodging.

Also, in nearby Kirschweiler is a golf course. The path leads around the constituent communities of Idar, Oberstein, Göttschied, Algenrodt and Tiefenstein.

Especially for sophisticated hikers, the Schleiferweg offers a special hiking experience with a high section of path through thick forest.

The trail leads by various tourist attractions, such as the Weiherschleife , the Steinkaulenberg, the Kammerwoog lake or even the Wäschertskaulen spit roast house.

With the good links to the town transport network, the trail can be broken up into as many shorter stretches as the hiker chooses. The former is a kind of Schwenkbraten , whereas the latter is a kind of rolled roast.

The onions are good to eat while cooking at the fire with a beer. Locals favour beechwood for the fire, to give the roast its traditional flavour.

This is toast, minced meat, diced bacon, leek , eggs, salt and pepper. This is coarse potato dumplings made from raw potatoes filled with Fillsel with a bacon sauce.

Potatoes, pork, beef and onions are put through the mincer and seasoned with savoury , pepper and salt. It can be fed into the traditional gut, preserved in a jar or even eaten straightaway.

This is raw potato dumplings cooked and served together with carrots sometimes known in German as Mohrrüben , or dialectally in Idar-Oberstein as Murde and pickled or smoked pork.

This is made by roasting Kartoffelmasse potatoes, bacon, eggs, flour, salt and pepper in a Dibbe cast-iron roasting pan. This is Kartoffelmasse the same as for Dibbelabbes baked in a Dibbe in the oven with dried meat.

All together, Idar-Oberstein has roughly The Bundesverband der Diamant- und Edelsteinindustrie e.

It represents the industry's interests in dealings with lawmakers as well as federal, state and municipal representatives.

It advises members in areas such as environmental protection, problems in competition , questions of nomenclature and so forth, and makes the necessary contacts as needed.

To promote the designing and quality of jewellery and gemstones, the Association created the international competition revolving about the German Jewellery and Gemstone Prize.

The Deutsche Diamant- und Edelsteinbörse e. It is one of the 25 exchanges in the World Federation of Diamond Bourses. The Wirtschaftsjunioren Idar-Oberstein were founded in Entrepreneurs and senior management join in this organization for economic, cultural and social purposes in the region.

The cookware manufacturer Fissler has its headquarters in town. The company became well known for its invention of the mobile field kitchen in Giloy und Söhne, one of Europe's biggest diamond jewellery manufacturers, has its headquarters here, too.

The fair takes place at the Jahnhaus in the constituent community of Algenrodt, although as of , a move to the planned exhibition hall in the new Nahetal commercial park former US Army storage depot Nahbollenbach was being considered.

Gemstones from throughout the world are to be found in Idar-Oberstein, but the whole industry was begun by finds in the local area.

These include agate , jasper and rock crystal. Since , Idar-Oberstein has been a garrison town. During the 19th and 20th centuries, French and German soldiers in turn were stationed here.

With the coming of the Wehrmacht , new barracks were built. French troops were stationed at the Klotzbergkaserne , and then as of , the Bundeswehr artillery school.

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Noch bis zum Montag sind die Besucher in Oldenburg zu Gast. Somit wurden Casinogesellschaften für das aufstrebende Bürgertum wichtige Zentren der Kommunikation im Wegen des Grunderwerbs war es erforderlich, dass die Gesellschaft Rechtsfähigkeit erlangte. Oktober - Theodor Schubert, Schriftführer. August Klein, Koblenz , sowie Schnabels Bericht v. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. Oktober - Theodor Schubert, Schriftführer. Februar an Innenminister von Brenn, in: Surprising was the desire expressed by Weierbach, which came without one of Idar-Oberstein's initiatives, to join the new greater town, for at the time, Weierbach did not even border on the town, and Weierbach itself was then foreseen as the future nucleus exclusive casino no deposit bonus its own greater municipality, or perhaps even bonus slots online, together with the municipalities of Fischbach, Georg-Weierbach and Bollenbach, which would have been amalgamated with this municipality had the original plan come about. Enzweiler boasts traces of human habitation going back to Roman times. Mitglieder free online casino slot spins Kölner Casinogesellschaft gehörten zu den Mitbegründern und führenden Mitgliedern der Rosenmontagsgesellschaftauf die der Kölner Karneval zurückgeht. The trail leads by various tourist attractions, such as the Weiherschleifethe Steinkaulenberg, the Kammerwoog lake or even the Wäschertskaulen spit roast house. When Wyrich, the elder brother, was away on some unknown business, Emich succeeded Beste Spielothek in Stiftswiese finden securing Bertha's affections and, subsequently, married her. Inthe Naheüberbauungas it is commonly known, was opened to traffic. Three nights along the way in San Quintin, San Ignacio and Loreto were magic, each hotel having plenty of character and hospitality. This is coarse potato dumplings made from raw potatoes filled with Fillsel with a bacon sauce. In the course of administrative restructuring in Casino gesellschaft birkenfeldnine surrounding municipalities were amalgamated with Idar-Oberstein. Towns in Rhineland-Palatinate Birkenfeld district Naheland. Especially for sophisticated Awareness | Euro Palace Casino Blog, the Schleiferweg offers a special hiking experience with a high section of path through thick Dazzle Me - Rizk Online Casino. So Newton passed by with minimal effects to Sonrisa — electricity was out for a few hours with some 50 knots being recorded Beste Spielothek in Körkwitz-Dorf finden the marina. Do penny slots take pennies holders War U. Many romantics feel that she died of a broken heart. Beste Spielothek in Dietachdorf finden gelang gleichwohl in den ersten fünf Jahrzehnten nicht, die Hausbaupläne zu verwirklichen, da sich alle Finanzierungsmodelle letztlich als nicht tragfähig erwiesen. The constituent community of Tiefenstein arose kazan wetter the merger of the villages of Tiefenbach and Hettstein in In den folgenden Jahren kam die Angelegenheit zügig voran. The oft-used other alternative name, Martin-Weierbach, stems from the church's patron saint. After Beste Spielothek in Rotenburg finden was beheaded for his crimes inJuliana married first a gendarme, with whom she had seven children, and then after his death a livestock herder and day labourer. According to legend, there were two noble brothers, Wyrich and Emich, who both fell in love with a beautiful girl named Bertha. Gemstones from throughout the world are to be found in Idar-Oberstein, but the whole industry was begun by finds in the local area.

This continued work on the patchwork quilt of little states covering Germany was judged very critically in Idar and Oberstein, whereas Birkenfeld , which had as a result of the new political arrangement been raised to residence town, found little to complain about.

The jewellery industry there, which even by this time had become national, perhaps international in scope, and indeed the jewel dealers themselves, who now found themselves living in a little provincially oriented town, perceived the new arrangement, though, as a backward step, particularly so after the years that France had ruled.

It had had its worldly metropolis of Paris with its good business. The dealers, therefore, tried energetically, but without success, to have their land reannexed to Prussia.

On the other hand, the Oldenburgers quickly managed to make themselves popular among the people by installing an unselfish government that established an independent judiciary and introducing various programmes that favoured farmers and the economy.

A well regulated school system — in , a public school was built in Oberstein — and the temporary suspension of military conscription only helped to support this positive picture.

Roads were expanded and a postal coach service for persons, bulk mailings and bulky goods was set up. A further economic upswing was brought by the building of the Nahe Valley Railway , especially when the stretch from Bad Kreuznach to Oberstein opened on 15 December This Landesteil , along with the whole Rhineland, was occupied by the French on 4 December They did not withdraw until 30 June After the Nazis had first given up a declaration of tolerance for the existing government, they were then soon demanding that the Landtag be dissolved.

Since this was not forthcoming, the Nazis filed suit for a referendum, and they got their way. This resulted in dissolution on 17 April In the ensuing new elections on 20 May, the Nazis won Through this new law, 18 formerly self-administering municipalities were amalgamated; this included the self-administering towns having been granted town rights in of Idar and Oberstein, which were amalgamated with each other and also with the municipalities of Algenrodt and Tiefenstein to form the new town of Idar-Oberstein.

The law foreshadowed what was to come: It would be applied within a few weeks, without further discussion or participation, to the exclusion of the public and against the will of municipalities, who had not even been asked whether they wanted it, to places such as Herrstein and Oberwörresbach, Rötsweiler and Nockenthal, or Hoppstädten and Weiersbach.

After the Second World War , along with the whole district, the town's whole municipal area passed to the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

In the course of administrative restructuring in Rhineland-Palatinate , nine surrounding municipalities were amalgamated with Idar-Oberstein.

On 7 June , the municipalities of Enzweiler, Göttschied, Hammerstein and Regulshausen were amalgamated, and on 7 November they were followed by Georg-Weierbach, Kirchenbollenbach, Mittelbollenbach, Nahbollenbach and Weierbach.

Before the administrative restructuring, there were extensive, sometimes behind-closed-doors talks by the then mayor of Idar-Oberstein, Dr.

Wittmann, with offers of negotiation to all together 22 municipalities in the surrounding area. One of the reasons for this was a tendency that had been noted for people from Idar-Oberstein to move out of town to the surrounding municipalities, which were opening up extensive new building areas — among others Göttschied, Rötsweiler-Nockenthal and Kirschweiler — whereas within the town itself, given the problematic lie of the land, there were hardly any.

The same problem saw to it that there was a dearth of land for industrial location. Surprising was the desire expressed by Weierbach, which came without one of Idar-Oberstein's initiatives, to join the new greater town, for at the time, Weierbach did not even border on the town, and Weierbach itself was then foreseen as the future nucleus of its own greater municipality, or perhaps even town, together with the municipalities of Fischbach, Georg-Weierbach and Bollenbach, which would have been amalgamated with this municipality had the original plan come about.

With the exception of Georg-Weierbach, the proposal to amalgamate these villages with the town of Idar-Oberstein had notable majorities, either in the villages themselves or on their councils, in favour of dissolving their respective municipalities and then merging with the town.

Nevertheless, bitter discussions and even administrative legal disputes arose in the former Amt of Weierbach, which was now bereft of its core municipalities.

In April , the Amt of Weierbach lodged a constitutional grievance with the Verfassungsgerichtshof Rheinland-Pfalz Rhineland-Palatinate Constitutional Court , which ruled on 8 July that the state law for administrative simplification in Rhineland-Palatinate was in parts unconstitutional.

The right to self-administration of the Amt of Weierbach, it furthermore ruled, was being infringed, and the municipal league's vitality was being jeopardized.

Thus, Weierbach, Georg-Weierbach, Nahbollenbach, Mittelbollenbach and Kirchenbollenbach were, with immediate effect, demerged from the town and reinstated as self-administering municipalities.

After bitter arguments between the town of Idar-Oberstein together with the amalgamation supporters on the one side and the Amt of Weierbach together with the amalgamation opponents on the other, who promoted their views in demonstrations , at gatherings and in letter duels in newspaper correspondence pages, a poll was taken in early September with a vote in the Amt of Weierbach.

With this expansion of the town, the centres of gravity in the Birkenfeld district had been shifted considerably. Idar-Oberstein could further grow as a middle centre: Since Idar-Oberstein had not only a good general infrastructure but also, after the Steinbach Reservoir was brought into service, a more than adequate water supply, the option of amalgamating themselves with the town became attractive to many further municipalities.

The municipalities of Rötsweiler-Nockenthal, Siesbach , Gerach, Veitsrodt , Kirschweiler, Hettenrodt and Mackenrodt were each to receive an offer of amalgamation.

The district administration in Birkenfeld then got involved, and it was decided by the district assembly Kreistag that Idar-Oberstein's amalgamation policy, which was deemed to be reckless, should be censured.

Since a certain disenchantment with all these amalgamations had meanwhile set in both in the outlying centres and in the town of Idar-Oberstein itself, all further initiatives either got nowhere or were shelved.

Idar-Oberstein has its connections with the notorious outlaw Johannes Bückler — , commonly known as Schinderhannes. His parents lived in Idar around , and Oberstein was the scene of one of his earliest misdeeds in He spent a whole Louis d'or on drinks at an inn.

He had stolen it from an innkeeper named Koch from Veitsrodt who had meant to use it to buy brandy. Their relationship yielded a daughter and a son, Franz Wilhelm.

After Schinderhannes was beheaded for his crimes in , Juliana married first a gendarme, with whom she had seven children, and then after his death a livestock herder and day labourer.

According to legend, there were two noble brothers, Wyrich and Emich, who both fell in love with a beautiful girl named Bertha.

Bertha was from a noble line that occupied the nearby Lichtenburg Castle. Neither brother was aware of the other's feelings for Bertha.

When Wyrich, the elder brother, was away on some unknown business, Emich succeeded in securing Bertha's affections and, subsequently, married her. When Emich announced the news to his brother, Wyrich's temper got the better of him.

In the heat of the moment, he hurled his brother out of a window of the castle and sent him to his death on the rocks below.

Wyrich was almost immediately filled with remorse. With the counsel of a local abbot, he began a long period of penance. At this time, Bertha disappears from the historical record.

Many romantics feel that she died of a broken heart. As Wyrich waited for a heavenly sign showing that he was forgiven, the abbot suggested that he build a church on the exact place where his brother died.

Wyrich worked and prayed himself into exhaustion. However, the moment the church was completed, he received his sign: Wyrich died soon after this.

When the local bishop came to consecrate the new church, he found the noble lord dead on its steps. Wyrich was later placed in the same tomb with his brother.

Idar-Oberstein is known as a gemstone centre. Until the 18th century, the area was a source for agate and jasper.

A combination of low-cost labour and energy helped the gemstone-working industry flourish. The river Nahe provided free water power for the cutting and polishing machines at the mills.

In the 18th century, though, gemstone finds in the Hunsrück were dwindling, making life harder for the local people.

Many left to try their luck abroad. Some went as far as Brazil , where they found that gemstones could be recovered from open-pit mines or even found in rivers and streams.

The locally common tradition of preparing meat over an open fire, churrasco , was also adopted by the newcomers and even found its way back to their homeland by way of gemstone shipping.

Agate nodules were shipped back as ballast on empty vessels that had offloaded cargo in Brazil. The cheap agates were then transported to Idar-Oberstein.

In the early 19th century, many people were driven out of the local area by hunger and also went to South America.

In , emigrants from Idar-Oberstein discovered the world's most important agate deposit in Brazil's state of Rio Grande do Sul.

As early as , the first delivery of agate from Rio Grande do Sul had been made to Idar-Oberstein.

The Brazilian agate exhibited very even layers, much evener that those seen in the local agates. This made them especially good for making engraved gems.

After the Second World War , the region had to redefine itself once more, and it developed into a leading hub in the trade of gemstones from Brazil and Africa.

More recently, however, competition from Thailand and India has hit the region hard. The council is made up of 40 honorary council members, who were elected by proportional representation at the municipal election held on 25 May , and the full-time mayor Oberbürgermeister as chairman.

The municipal election held on 25 May yielded the following results: The German blazon reads: Im halbrunden silbernen Schild befindet sich ein aufgerichteter roter Forsthaken, begleitet im rechten Obereck von einer sechsblättrigen roten Rose mit goldenem Kelch und grünen Kelchblättern, links unten von einer roten Eichel.

The town's arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Argent a cramp palewise sinister with a crossbar gules between in dexter chief a rose foiled of six of the second barbed and seeded proper and in sinister base an acorn slipped palewise of the second.

The charges are drawn from coats of arms formerly borne by both Idar and Oberstein before the two towns were merged in The current arms were approved by the Oldenburg Ministry of State for the Interior.

Dort finden die Generalversammlungen statt und dort versammeln sich die Mitglieder zu Vortragsveranstaltungen und zum gemütlichen Treffpunkt ohne besonderes Programm.

Die Gesellschaft lebt nun schon seit fast drei Jahrzehnten ohne eigenes Haus und seitdem auch ohne finanzielle Sorgen, da aus dem Verkaufserlös ein zu erhaltendes Vermögen vorhanden ist, das Erträge abwirft.

Das Jahr stand ganz im Zeichen des jährigen Jubiläums. Sie ist in erster Linie Informationsquelle für die in diesem kleinen Vorwort enthaltenen Mitteilungen.

Höhepunkte im Jubiläumsjahr waren am November ebenfalls im Gesellschaftshaus Wöbken, wo dieser Ball seitdem alljährlich am Sonnabend vor dem ersten Advent gefeiert wird.

Die Gesellschaft hatte seinerzeit nach dem Verzeichnis von Mitte Mitglieder. Die Satzung ist zuletzt im Jahre überarbeitet worden, veranlasst durch das Vereinsförderungsgesetz von , und hat seitdem die in diesem Heft abgedruckte Fassung.

Der Zweck der Gesellschaft und entsprechend das praktizierte Vereinsleben sind nunmehr ausführlicher beschrieben, die Bemühungen um die steuerliche Anerkennung als gemeinnützige Gesellschaft waren allerdings erfolglos.

Es stand damals nicht eine vollständige Neufassung der Satzung zur Diskussion und so sind z. Die Gesellschaft hat auch zu keiner Zeit den Gedanken daran aufgegeben, bei passender Gelegenheit evtl.

Inzwischen hat sich die Gesellschaft ein Wappen zugelegt, das im Briefkopf und allen anderen Druckerzeugnissen erscheint, so auch hier auf der Titelseite des Mitgliederverzeichnisses.

Die Zeiten, in denen durch das Jahr hindurch mehrere Bälle gefeiert und Diners veranstaltet wurden, sind vorbei.

Die Gesellschaft musste sich im Laufe ihrer langen Geschichte immer wieder mit Veränderungen im allgemeinen gesellschaftlichen Leben auseinandersetzen und hat dadurch, dass sie sich beweglich zeigte, überlebt.

Das Veranstaltungsprogramm wird heute geprägt von Vorträgen, von plattdeutschen und musikalischen Darbietungen, Museumsbesuchen, Firmenbesichtigungen, Ausflügen mit Kohlessen, Spargelessen, Wild- und Martinsgansessen, Tagesfahrten und mehrtägigen Reisen.

Diejenigen Mitglieder, die häufig teilnehmen und sich näher kennenlernen, empfinden den angestrebten familiären Charakter der Veranstaltungen in freudiger und harmonischer Stimmung als angenehm.

Diese Gemälde, die früher die Wände im eigenen Clubhaus schmückten, haben hier einen guten Platz gefunden. Bei den Oldenburger Einrichtungen in St.

Petersburg ist die Casino-Gesellschaft nicht unbekannt. Huno Herzog von Oldenburg , mitgeholfen, indem sie dort Gründungsmitglieder geworden sind.

Ihr jähriges Gründungsjubiläum hat die Gesellschaft am Januar mit einem Festakt im Oldenburgischen Staatstheater gefeiert. An interesting time for Huon also as this was the first instance when they have been separated — in the end the parents stressing more than the boys!

As we did last year, a magic several days down at Stretch Island in Southern Puget Sound, July 4 th fireworks, kayaking, crabbing etc with Huon happily being a shadow to 3 older boys — now one of a pack taking on all the fashions and actions of the older boys.

Plenty of activities in Seattle over the next 6 weeks along with a pleasant offer to stay in their house in Vancouver from other cruising friends we met in Costa Rica in , Gary and Jeanine from High 5 — they are taking their yacht down to La Paz, and Costa Baja Marina over the summer.

Just the odd other yacht floating around. Two weeks just getting back into the cruising mode as we are now tied to the marina most of the time.

The highlight was the diving with seals at Isla Los Islotes, where the seals where very happy to perform for the camera with an apple as a toy.

A really wonderful trip with excellent weather. Last weekend we visited La Duna for an evening with several of our local Mexican families.

This rustic and very environmentally friendly resort provides a magic location just to chill and chat for the children and adults that went very late into the evening.

February was rather quite, school runs, Mel studying all rather domestic. I popped down to Barra Navidad, south of Puerto Vallarta to bring Princess 1 back to La Paz, as expected on the nose most of the way so, double the time taken to get down there, some 3 days for some miles much of the time at around 7 knots.

A few days later to Cabo San Lucas so she could be hauled out for her yearly maintenance. We had a magnificent week with our dear friends from Monaco, Poala, Antoine and Daniel their 6 year old son.

Our new old two car family made arrangements easy. Mel was also busy for a few days helping arrange provisions for a couple of large yachts, something we might consider more of later on.

Finally we actually had some of that thing called work. Princess Two in the Caribbean was within days without a crew — Mel biting the bullet, agreed to come along for 4 weeks to cook.

Leaving the boys for such a time was a very big decision, but with our delightful La Paz friends and children Igor and Daniella we could feel they were in very safe hands.

Princess Two was in St Thomas the US Virgin Islands, the first demonstration trip was cancelled and the second charter with guest from Mexico city is best not talked about we did our best in trying conditions with untrained crew — the fact that the two Mexican crew were left tips and the 3 Anglo Saxons were not says it all — funny to experience a little discrimination on our side, makes one respect what other non-white Anglo Saxon cultures have to deal with.

Our taxi driver, Sobers, providing me with several hours of laughs as we went shopping for parts and food. With 4 crew for the mile trip from St Thomas to the Bahamas a couple of long nights, made longer by the 10 minute departure in the Turks and Caicos of the rather useless South African stewardess.

Now in Hurricane Hole Marina for the last day of a very quick two day hand over to the 4 new crew. Cipriano, our hard working and delightful Mexican mariner will stay until the boat heads to Florida in April.

Looking forward to being back on Sonrisa with the boys and Peluchie for the normal Easter cruise.

As with last year we headed out to Playa Bonanza for a family week over Christmas. Clear sunny, blue skies, a magic empty beach and just a few other yachts around made for a delightful and relaxing time.

Trips to see the de commissioned aircraft carrier Midway and a trip to the expansive San Diego Zoo were the touristy highlights.

Our Friends Alex and Dariella sold us their old Mitsubishi Montero, which will deal with the Mexican roads and crazy traffic much better than the aging Subaru.

By train we headed north for a few days to Santa Barbara to see our old friends Kevin and Carolyn — what a magic house they have near the beach, with many Asian touches from their house in Bali.

We all had fun in this tranquil town, Mel particularly enjoying the shopping! After getting the Montero serviced we cruised down to La Paz via Mexico Highway 1 in sections worse than our country road to Bream Creek in Tasmania very dangerous and really a poor excuse for a highway.

Three nights along the way in San Quintin, San Ignacio and Loreto were magic, each hotel having plenty of character and hospitality. The boys finally got back to school a week late but the travels more than made up for it, though they did seem to spend most of their time watching videos or on the Kindle.

A rather quiet few months during autumn, such a quick change from the hot summer. Daylight saving has finished, so dark mornings are over and the evenings are considerably longer, delightful to lie back on a cool evening with a good book.

I, unfortunately, was doing something rather strange — working. Thankfully only a few short trips involved as I would not last any longer!

The boys continue to progress well at school, their Spanish well ahead of mine. For Christmas we will head out to anchor for a week, very quiet and relaxing away from the, already, overwhelming commercial shit.

Our 6 monthly visa run will be up to San Diego to stay with good friends and hopefully buy a larger, newer car. After this we plan to spend a week, driving back to La Paz taking in the length of Baja California, generally looking forward to the wine country up North.

As we head into October, the high humidity and heat are slowly dissipating, thankfully.

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